The district, with Chainpur as its district headquarters, covers an area of 3,422 sq. km. Bajhang lies in Seti Zone in Farwest Nepal. It is one of the enticing places with snowy mountains like Saipal Himal (7031m), Sankhamala Himal, Lama Peak, Ramkot Danda along Seti River valley. The evergreen temperate and alpine forests are the home the animals and birds like Himalayan black bear, blue sheep, barking deer, wolf, raven, hawk, Himalayan munal, etc.
The headquarter Chainpur is situated at the bank of Seti River and Bauli Gaad. Ramkot provides spectacular views of Surmalekh, Urailekh, Saipal, Gorakh, Kanti and Kanjirowa Himalayan ranges to the west, north and east and beautiful meandering Seti River valley with settlements of the people, garlands of mountain- horizons to the south. The trail to Ramkot from Talkot Dhuli along the river valley is pleasant. Birds and insects, primitive life style of the people, huts and thatched roof houses decorated by colorful clay are common sights. The formation of the mountains can be the subject of study for the geologists. There is the way to Kailash and Man Sarovar in Tibet passing through the Chanwa Urailekh via Seti River valley.
Bajhang is accessible via airways.
Bajhang shares its boundary with Bajura and Humla in the east, towards the west lies Baitadi and Darchula, humla and China are in the north and Doti, Baitadi and Achham in the South.
Due to the diversified nature of the topography of this district, the climate also varies from place to place. The climate of this district generally consists of alpine, temperate and subtropical type.
The altitude of this district varies from 915 m to 7036 m above the sea level. Bajhang has been topographically and geographically divided into the following four regions.
This region is coverered with snow and ice for the whole yearand hence is not suitable for human settlement. Himali region consists of several famous peaks such as Saipal (7036 m), Nampa (6757 m), Bankiyalek (6936 m), Kapkot (6373 m) and Khyurikhala (5992 m). The highest peak is Saipal. The Seti River and several of its tributaries have their origins in these Himalayan peaks.
Lekali region flourishes at an altitude of about 3,354 m. this region is covered with snow in the winter but the snow melts during summer. Chaurpani, Dshachaur, Nayan Odar, Gararg Phu etc. are the green nature lands in Lekali Region that are suitable for camping. Surma Lek, Gilgar Lek, Jai Lek, Dogatoro Lek, Khaptad Lek, Garje Lek, Kurasain Lek, Lalo Lek etc. are some of the main mountains here.
Topographically, this region lies within the altitudes of 1525 m and 3354 m. Most of the populated villages are situated in this region. Pataldhar, Dhandhar and Sikadhar are the main mountains of this area. This mountain region mostly consists of sedimentary and metamorphosed rocks, which is covered with forest.
Bensi is the area lying by the sides of the stream or river with any access to water. The area consisting of flat land but slightly at the higher elevation than the river surface is known as Tar. Topographically, this region in this district lies within the altitudes of 915 m and 1524 m. The land is fertile for agricultural purposed. This part being at the lowest altitude of the district is hotter than other parts. Chainpur, Deura are the main Bensi and Tar of this district.