Home to the world famous Sherpas and the highest peak in the world, the Everest, Solukhumbu offers a combination of natural beauty, culture and the environment that are as timeless as the mighty Himalayas.
Solukhumbu, one of the districts of Nepal, lies in Sagarmatha District of Northern Nepal. The district, with Salleri as its headquarters, covers an area of 3,312 sq. km. Solukhumbu is divided into two distinct regions Solu and Khumbu.
Indigenous ethnic Rai and hill Caste Chhetri are the main groups living in the mid-hills, while Sherpas occupy high mountains.
Mount Everest is in the northern part of this district, within Sagarmatha National Park.
Due to the difference in altitude, Solukhumbu has upper tropical (300-1,000 m), subtropical (1,000 to 2,000 m), temperate (2,000 to 3,000 m), subalpine (3,000 to 4,000 m), alpine (4,000 to 5,000 m) and nival (above 5,000 m) climates.
Solukhumbu lies at a distance of 550 km from Kathmandu.
All of Khumbu region is without roads; one must undertake all travels and exploration on foot. Quick access is via the Lukla airstrip from where the park of Namche Bazaar is a two-day walk. Alternative approaches are from the Jiri in the southwest and through Arun Valley.
Best time to visit is November or from March to May when days are warm and clear. And it is best to arrange services of guides and porters with government registered companies in Kathmandu to enjoy the visit thoroughly.
Sagarmatha National Park is listed as a World Heritage Site. It is one of the few places on earth that has such biological diversity and the youngest mountain system in the world. The area is home for a variety of wildlife such as the Red Panda, Snow leopard, Musk Deer, Himalayan House Hare and over 118 species of bird including the Blood Pheasant and the Impeyan Pheasant.
Thuptenchholing Monastry lies in Beni and is about 5 hours away from the Phaplu aerodrome. It is popular as a center of religious tourism and its reputation has further been boosted by the fame of Thulsuk Rinpoche. The smells of pine and the sight of the monastery give off a sense of serenity and peace. The area is further enhanced by the variety of flowers and plant life like buki, Rhododendron and Pine.
Namche Bazaar, situated on the lap of Khumbu Himal region, is the homeland of the mountaineering tribe Sherpas. This place is well facilitated with comfortable hotels, restaurants, bars and communication centers. One can visit to numerous peaks and lakes in the area.